How Will AI Impact Future Wars and Weaponries

As autonomous weapons systems that can operate without human input develop, the use of artificial intelligence (AI) in warfare is becoming more widespread. But there are some significant ethical concerns with the use of AI in warfare. This article will look at how autonomous weapons have changed warfare and what that means for future military ethics.

increased effectiveness and accuracy.

An important advantage of autonomous weapons is that they make fighting more effective and precise. Human error is less likely to occur when autonomous weapons are used, which increases the success rate of military operations. Autonomous weapons can operate faster and more accurately than human operators.

In addition, autonomous weapons can function in conditions that might be too risky or challenging for human operators, like deep space or ocean exploration.

However, the use of autonomous weapons also prompts worries about the loss of human oversight and accountability in conflict.

Human accountability and control are lacking.

The absence of human oversight and accountability is one of the main ethical issues with the use of autonomous weapons. Weapons systems that can function autonomously do so by using algorithms and programming to make decisions and take actions.

This begs the questions of whose actions autonomous weapons are responsible for and how they can be held accountable for any unfavorable outcomes. Furthermore, it makes one wonder whether the programming of autonomous weapons might have unintended consequences or mistakes.

Risk of Accidental Injury.

The possibility of unintentional harm to civilians is another ethical issue with the use of autonomous weapons. Autonomous weapons might not be able to distinguish between combatants and non-combatants or might base their decisions on data that is lacking or inaccurate.

Concerns are raised about the possibility of unintentional harm to innocent civilians, and it is important to make sure that autonomous weapons are developed and used in a way that reduces this risk.

Army Morality in the Future.

Autonomous weapons are likely to be used in combat more frequently as AI develops. The necessity of ensuring that the development and use of autonomous weapons is guided by ethical considerations raises significant questions about the future of military ethics.

It also emphasizes the necessity of continuing the conversation and engagement between military and ethical experts to make sure that the application of AI to warfare is in line with moral principles and the laws of armed conflict.


The development of autonomous weapons systems that can function without human intervention has increased the prevalence of AI use in warfare. While autonomous weapons have advantages like greater effectiveness and accuracy, they also bring up serious ethical issues like the lack of human oversight and accountability as well as the possibility of unintended harm.

To make sure that the use of autonomous weapons is in line with human values and the laws of armed conflict, it is crucial to have ongoing discussions and debates about the ethical implications of AI in warfare as the technology develops. 

By Pooyan Ghamari, a Swiss economist who is exploring the impact of AI 



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